Skin Cancer – All You Need To Know

by Dr Ono Alex Ohunyon on Oct 30, 2019 Health and Fitness 73 Views


Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer in the world. But it can be cured when if it is detected at the early stage by the doctor in Bowral. It is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal skin cells. While healthy cells grow and divide in an orderly way, cancer cells grow and divide in a rapid, haphazard manner. This rapid growth results in tumor that are either benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous).

Changes In The Skin Related To Sun Exposure:

- Freckles

- Benign tumors

- Precancerous and cancerous skin lesions caused by loss of the skin's immune function

- Discolored areas of the skin, called mottled pigmentation

- Fine and coarse wrinkles

- Sallowness: a yellow discoloration of the skin

- Elastosis: the destruction of the elastic tissue causing lines and wrinkles

- Telangiectasias: the dilation of small blood vessels under the skin

Types Of Skin Cancer

There are three main types of skin cancer namely

- Melanoma

- Squamous cell carcinoma

- Basal cell carcinoma

What Causes Skin Cancer?

The main cause of skin cancer Bowral is the ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun. The UV light from tanning beds is just as harmful as the UV rays from the sun. You can experience the same risk when exposed to the sunlight during both the summer and the winter.

With more exposure to sun causes mainly squamous cell and basal cell skin cancer. On the other hand, episodes of severe blistering sunburns, usually before age 18, can cause melanoma later in life. Some of the other less common causes for skin cancer include scars from burns or disease, repeated X-ray exposure, and occupational exposure to certain chemicals.

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Skin Cancer?

In general, the main warning sign of skin cancer is a change on your skin. It may the occurrence of a new mole or a change in an existing mole or skin lesion.

- Melanoma: It appears as a pigmented bump or patch and resembles a normal mole, but usually has a more irregular appearance.

- Squamous cell carcinoma: It can appear as a rough, scaly flat lesion or as a firm, red nodule that may causes bleeding, itching, and sometime it can become crusty too.

- Basal cell carcinoma: It may appear as a small, pearly, smooth, or waxy bump on the face ears and neck; or as a flat, pink/red- or brown-colored lesion on the trunk or arms and legs. Both the basal cell and squamous cell cancers mainly occur on areas of the skin frequently exposed to the sun, but can occur anywhere.

You can get the help of a Bowral doctors to know whether you are affected by skin cancer or not.

The author of this article is an experienced doctor in Bowral. In this article, he has mentioned a few things about the skin cancer. Visit

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